5hp Honda engine into '81 Suzuki RM80
This project came together somewhat by chance, as the result of my finding the main parts over a period of about 8 years.
Back in 2004 I was in the Marines, stationed at MCAS Cherry Point, NC. I had a storage unit out in town and I was in the habit of digging through the dumpster for goodies whenever I went to my unit. I found a lot of great stuff over the year or two that I had the unit there, but most importantly, I found a Karcher pressure washer. The washer itself didn't work, but the Honda GC160, 5.0 hp motor ran great. I scrapped the washer but kept the motor thinking that I'd build a mini-bike with it someday.
I collected various rusty minibike parts over the years, but I never really got the drive to build one. I was spending most of my time working on and riding vintage Japanese motorcycles and I never really felt the need for a minibike. I ended up using the GC160 to power a home made generator with a car alternator, battery, and power inverter. It worked just fine, but I ended up buying a real generator so the home made unit just sat around for a few more years.
This brings us to the AMCA (Antique Motorcycle Club of America) National Meet in Wauseon, OH this year. It was the weekend of July 20th. I was looking for vintage Japanese treasure but wasn't having much luck since the AMCA caters mostly to antique American makes (which are cool too, but not really my favorite). I ended up coming across a rolling chassis from an '81 Suzuki RM80, which is a 2-stroke competition motocross bike. It was complete except for the motor and it was in pretty good shape. It was a bit rusty and worn, but the frame and wheels were straight and undamaged, the tank was clean inside, and it was very complete. I originally walked by it because I thought that I didn't have any need for it, but something kept pulling me back to it over the course of the weekend. I was looking it over once again when it occurred to me. I could put that GC160 in it and make a little runaround minibike! I gave the guy $40 and wheeled it back to camp.
One of the reasons that I really want to build this is that my 13 year old daughter and all of her friends always want to ride around on my Honda 3-wheeler and some have expressed interest in learning to ride one of my dirt bikes. However, nothing that I can do can make them understand the concept of shifting or using a clutch. They like the 3-wheeler since it's an auto clutch and they can just gas it and go. The problem is that while it has a centrifugal clutch, you still have to upshift and downshift it like a conventional motorcycle transmission. Since they can't (won't?) understand the concept of shifting, they just end up either bouncing it off the rev limiter or smoking the clutch out of it trying to start out from a stop in 5th gear. Ugh. I can't bear to watch my machines abused in such a way. I really tried to be patient and understanding, thinking that they just needed a bit of practice, but I swear it's like being in a parallel universe when you're trying to teach a young girl to do something technical.
Anyway, I figure that a single-speed, centrifugal clutch minibike will be an ideal thing for them to zip around on. I want to encourage the kids to get into motorcycles since they're not getting it anywhere else, but I don't want to sacrifice my machines in the process. With this bike, they'll just be able to hop on and go, no skills required.
Sorry about the long winded intro. Here's a picture of the bike when I got it home with the GC set in the frame. Everything looks like it will work pretty well.
Since I'm new to the concept of a single-speed, centrifugal clutch machine, I did a lot of research on the gearing that I'd need. I figured that I'd need a HUGE rear sprocket in order to get the amount of gear reduction that I'd need, but it became obvious that not only was a sprocket that big not readily available, but also that even if I could find one, it wouldn't fit in the swingarm. I originally thought that there wouldn't be room for a jackshaft, but after I looked more closely and measured some things, I figured that I could make one work. I a bunch of math and came up with the following gearing combination:
Engine clutch sprocket: 12t
Jackshaft "in" sprocket: 32t
Jackshaft "out" sprocket: 15t
Rear wheel sprocket: 60t
I'll be using #35 chain for the clutch to jackshaft "in", and #41 chain from the jackshat "out" to the rear wheel. The main reason that I switched to a #41 chain to the wheel is that I needed the jackshaft "out" sprocket to be at least 2" in diameter in order for the drive chain to clear the swingarm pivot. Using the bigger #41 chain, I was able to get a much lower tooth count for a given sprocket diameter since I was trying to maximize the gear reduction. This gearing combo gives me a top speed of a bit more than 20mph. I think that this will be good for my purposes, and I'll have a lot of leeway as far as changing the gearing goes if I want to raise or lower the speed.
I placed an order through a minibike supplier called www.ombwarehouse.com for the jackshaft parts, and I ordered the jackshaft pulleys through McMaster Carr since OMB didn't have the 32t sprocket that I needed. When my parts arrived, I went out into the shop and started sending sparks flying.
Here's the frame before I started cutting it up. I needed to remove the cross bar below the main backbone to make room for the motor. I'll weld in another brace later. I also cut the coil mounting tabs and the front motor mounts off.
Here's another mockup of the motor in the frame.
I welded a cross brace between the footpeg mounts that will serve as the rear mounting point for the motor mount plate.
For the motor mount plate, I just used a cutoff wheel in my angle grinder to cut a rectangular piece of 3/16 steel plate. To make adjustment slots so I'll be able to slide the motor back and forth to adjust the primary chain, I just drilled two holes close together and filed out the metal between them. Hard work, but it's all I had to work with. I tacked the plate to the front of the frame, leveled it, and made two standoffs to attach it to the rear cross bar that I had welded in.
Here's the finished motor plate.
Next, I started on the jackshaft hangers. These are the bearing hangers that OMB sells for jackshafts. I welded in some reinforcements, as well. While I was doing the welding, I had the actual jackshaft and bearings put together and installed in the hangers so everything would stay straight and aligned.
Here's the bike after I got all the bare metal painted and started putting it together for its initial fitment.
The jackshaft setup is working out quite well.
Here's the air filter adapter from OMB. It's for a GX series engine, but it fits the GC with a few minor mods. First, I needed to clearance out the top of the adapter a bit to clear the choke lever. Also, on the GC carb, there's a small hole in the flange that the air filter bolts to that originally just went through a channel in the stock air filter and basically vented to the atmosphere. I sort of duplicated this in the OMB adapter by using the carb-filter gasket as a template to locate the hole, then drilling a corresponding shallow hole into the adapter. Then I drilled another hole from the edge of the adapter in, to meet up with the first hole. So basically the hole follows a 90 degree path through the adapter.
Here's the bike with the primary chain and chain guard installed. I'm pretty proud of the chain guard. It took a lot of work to fabricate, but I like it. Plus, it will keep toes and feet from intruding into the chain and sprockets.
The stock Suzuki petcock hit the valve cover of the motor, so I just did a job with fuel line, an inline 1/4 turn valve, and an inline fuel filter. The petcock would have been a lot slicker, but this setup works.
I didn't really like the idea of a jackshaft at first, but now that it's on the bike I really like the way it looks. It looks like a primary drive to a transmission. I guess that's sort of what it is.
I've done lots of briggs powered stuff when I was young with my cousin, my favorites would have to include our raptor powered YZ60 that would top out around 50 or so, or the bicycle that would run right at 60...scary!
We never really fooled with jackshafts as we had nothing but a welder and grinder, and we were kids so we just offset the engines to line them up.
But I do have to say I've been toying with the idea a lot lately of stuffing one of those big horizontal shaft v-twins into bike and trying to get it street legal, you can buy clutches for stuff that has all the way up to 1" shafts and larger, I would think based on my experience sticking those dinky little 5hp engines into stuff that larger 18-20hp honda could push a bike to interstate speeds no problem.
Nice work. Vids once it runs please.
My understanding is that tooth count is only used as a relative measure of sprocket diameter...a 2"/10" sprocket combination will give you the same reduction, whether it has large or small teeth. :huh. Or I'm confused.
You're right about the size of the teeth having no bearing on the amount of reduction. Maybe I didn't word my explanation clearly. The drive sprocket to the rear wheel needed to be at least 2.5" in diameter for the chain to not rub on the swingarm (I said 2" in the last post, but going back over my notes it's 2.5") . If I was using a #35 chain for the drive, I'd need a minimum of 20 teeth to get the 2" diameter. Using a #41 sprocket, I could get away with 15 teeth.
Although there were rear sprockets available with a higher tooth count in #35 chain, a big enough one to give me the reduction that I wanted would be a special order sprocket and it would be too big to fit in the swingarm. The #41 setup worked the best.
The bike is all done now and it's a blast to ride. The gearing worked out perfectly. Any taller and it would stress the clutch, any shorter and it would be too slow. I don't have a way to put any videos up, which is too bad because I had a spectacular crash on it while I family and I were having minibike motocross races with it. I came across the finish line at full speed and tried to do a dramatic rear slide to a stop, but I ended up highsiding and flying off, shirtless, into a pile of dog poo. My wife and daughter were very amused.
When I get my camera back I'll post up some pictures, though. I couldn't be happier with how it turned out. With the motocross chassis and suspension it can actually be ridden pretty aggressively.
Cool bike. Looking forward to the finished pics!
youtube is free. Get an account and post some video! :)
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