|05-07-2012, 09:37 PM||#1|
Bent, But Not Broken
Joined: Mar 2006
Location: My Mad Scientist Laboratory
Converting a Dual-Carb XL250R to Single Carb
Converting a 1987 dual-carb XL250R to single carb.
Original Dual-Carb setup. Not my photo.
I bought the bike new at South Seas Honda in Honolulu when I was a 20-year-old Lance Corporal in the U.S. Marines. For the first fifteen years or so, it fired up and ran really well. But about ten years ago it started having cold-start issues... in that it wouldn’t.
I figured the Primary Carb’s Enrichment Circuit needed some work, but Honda’s supply of factory carb rebuild kits had dried up a long time ago. So I just cleaned the carbs as best I could and made do. To cold-start, I used ether for a while, until I discovered that I could prime the primary carb by laying the bike down on its left side for eight seconds, then hold the throttle open while kicking through the start cycle. Once warmed up, the bike would start and run perfectly all day.
Until it wouldn’t. Two weeks ago I got the bike running, but it really ran poorly, with an off-idle stumble that wouldn’t adjust out. After having had the carbs out (a chore all by itself) and apart a half-dozen times over the past few years, I had finally had enough of the demon that is a twin-carbed thumper.
I don’t easily give up on beloved items I’ve had for a long time (isn't that right, Honey? Sweetie? Hello? Is this thing on? ), so I set out to fix (rather than replace) the bike. I’ve seen the New Old Stock dual-carb rubber intake boots as high as $130, and an allegedly serviceable dual-carb assembly for $450.
Um... no. Then I found a single universal-replacement 30mm Mikuni on eBay for $36 bucks shipped. Ah-HA!
I then performed an act which I have been dreaming of for ten years... I removed the dual-carb assembly and pitched it down the driveway as hard as I could.
Demon be gone!
During The Final Removal, I heard the original 25-year-old rubber Intake Boot crack a couple times. It had dried out to the point that it came off with the carbs, while it’s aluminum mounting flange was still bolted to the engine. This undoubtedly contributed to the lean condition, as air got past the gap between the loose boot and the flange.
A new intake was in order that would match the new carb to the dual-carb head...
Mad Scientist Time!
First, I removed the right-hand airbox-to-carb snorkel and sealed off the opening with a piece of aluminum sheet and black RTV silicone, bolted into the original bolt holes. The new 30mm single carb will be mounted to the left-hand airbox snorkel, in the location of the original Primary Carb.
I also had to adapt the throttle cable from the original push-pull setup operating butterfly valves to a single cable pulling a slide... longer cable housing, longer cable, different ferrule on the carb end, doctored up by Yours Truly. No photos of the cable.
Using the perfectly functional mounting flange as a foundation, I cut a Carb Mounting Flange from 1/4-inch 6061 Aluminum...
Instead of having two Intake Runners, one leading from the Carb Flange to each of the Intake ports in the Head, I decided to build it as a Plenum... a large, open area fed by the carb so that the fuel/air mixture will be drawn evenly into each of the pair of the Head’s Intake Ports. So I cut away the inboard rims of the Ports and smoothed and rounded the area between the Ports...
With the Intake Flange mounted to the engine, and the new Carb Flange bolted to the new Carb (which was in turn mounted to the airbox), I fitted and tack-welded two pieces of 1-1/4-inch 6061 aluminum tubing which had been cut lengthwise...
Then I filled in the triangular sections between the two pieces of half-tube...
Then lots of welding and grinding and sanding. Then more welding and grinding and sanding. Repeat ad nauseam, then repeat one more time.
Here’s the new flanged carb, with a proper butterfly choke. Note the Idle Speed Screw...
Knurled knob machined from 1/2-inch 6061 round aluminum rod, pressed onto 3/16-inch steel rod, in turn pressed into the (center-drilled) Mikuni Idle Speed Adjustment Screw. All joints JB-Welded.
Cool, minty single-carb ADV goodness.
IT... IS... ALIVE!!!
I rode it around a bit the first afternoon. It ran nice and strong, but was still a bit hard to start, and the idle needed to be set high to keep the bike running... a bit lean on the pilot jetting.
I got an assortment of Pilot and Main jets from Jets R Us and swapped in a #22.5 for the factory-installed #20.
It cold-starts on the first kick now.
It runs through the gears really well, so I believe the Main is nearly right. I'll check the spark plug after some longer rides and see how it's running.
Stretch67 screwed with this post 05-14-2012 at 01:08 PM
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