Okay, according to this article today, Vietnam will issue International Driver license, effective 01 Jan 2015. And along with that, International Driver license also be recognized in Vietnam. What are the main issues here? - For Vietnamese or foreigners who are resident in Vietnam: you can apply for International Driver license and that IDL is recognized over 70 countries (as Vienna conventions). - For foreigner travelling in Vietnam - you can drive/ride in Vietnam if you have the valid IDL. And you are not allowed to drive/ride in Vietnam without valid IDL. It sounds funny to note here, but there could be an issue: Up to this moment, IDL or foreign Driver License is not recognized in Vietnam. The Police (well, the Law) is quite easy to foreigners riding here because there is no black and white requirement for foreigners, and it is unreasonable to ask travelers to apply and got to exam to get Vietnam licenses. But starting from 2015, the regulation and requirement of IDL is clear and applied, so for sure all foreign travelers must have IDL then you are allowed to drive/ride here. So you 'd better get your IDL ready before making a Vietnam trip.