Tuesday Feb 23: I spent the day in Huamachuco, and went to the ruins of Marca Huamchuco, a few miles outside of town and on top of a mountain Good defensive position for the indigenous inhabitants. It was also a rainy day. But hey, I'm a tourist and doing tourist things in the rain is something I see in my home town, which is a tourist town. The road, which is definitely up, was muddy. Parking area: As far as I could decipher from the Spanish signs, these people lived here between 600 and 1200AD. I have about 60 photos from my time here. I am fascinated by human civilization, the accomplishments and failures. We as a specie share an amazing ability to make, do, and organize things. Three towers are somewhat the landmark of this site, but there is a lot more. The towers are a bit difficult to recognize in my photos. How did they do this? They had to have lots of labor to move and set the stones. Then there was the design, plus the measurements needed to build a straight wall along its length. Building vertically at a slope like this wall is built takes skilled craftsman. There has to be symmetry and matching wall slope, something only a well skilled and experienced craftsman is able to accomplish. Someone's casa, or however the indigenous folks said house. There is a lot of restoration that has happened. It's been of interest to archeologists since the late 1940's. There is more that is not restored, so the original stone work is still as is, 1800 years later. I've also seen this style of stone work in Mexico – larger stones with smaller infilling ones along the joins. I found the lintels to be interesting The area is huge, probably the size of Grand Marais, a town the North Shore Arrowhead moto riders know. The population, I was told, was believed to be around 2500 people. An organized society with government, commerce, agriculture, and trade is needed to support this size population in an urban setting. I never figured out how/where they got their water, with the town located on the top of a mountain. There are a few families living around the ruins. Their homes and animals are on the edge of the site. As I said, this place is huge. This little girl came up and said "Buenas tardes", meaning good afternoon. I knelt down and talked to her a bit, and she let me take her picture. I was surprised she was not an indigenous Inca language speaker, as are some of the folks here. Her older sister was farther away and more shy. As I was talking to her, I was paying attention to her skirt and shawl, trying to identify how the material was made.