As the oldest living city in the Americas, at 3400m altitude Cusco has been inhabited continuously for over 3,000 years. It was the historic capital of the Inca Empire from the 13th to 16th century until the Spanish conquest, and now is a major tourist destination- receiving nearly 2 million visitors per year. Cuzco was founded by Manco Capac around 1200 AD. He established the Kingdom of Cuzco as a city-state that ruled the surrounding lands. In 1438 Pachacuti became the Sapa Inca of the Inca people. It is today a UNESCO heritage place. Cusco is a place with steep narrow little streets. Many small restaurants, artisans and shops. Strolling around will take a few days if you want to discover all the hidden treasures. The beauty of South America is the hand made stuff. And it is still affordable, but most importantly it is unique and so good to see people take pride in the stuff they do. This lady made the most intricate carved designs on the small dried pumpkins. This lady made me a camera strap which we picked up the next day. This dude was sitting the entire day just painting designs out of his head. This guy made these shoes by hand, every pair is unique. Just chillin on the main square. As luck would have it there was another festival playing out while there. I love festivals, especially for photos.