@nickguzzi described the European practices. The USDA requires eggs to be washed. Their assumption is that all flocks are infected with salmonella so salmonella will be on the outside of enough eggs to justify washing. Washing eggs, however, removes the protective membrane that's on the shell, so washed eggs should be refrigerated. The same goes for eggs removed from their shells. In the '60s and '70s, I camped with whole eggs and eggs in a jar for the morning after the first night. That was also back when eating raw eggs from the supermarket was considered safe. These days it seems there are much easier and safer ways to have breakfast.