Return to Panama

Discussion in 'Ride Reports - Epic Rides' started by dwj - Donnie, Feb 12, 2014.

  1. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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    In total we walked about five miles in two hours. I needed the exercise! :deal We bought some fruit on the way back down.

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  2. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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    We are on the road headed for Chalchuapa.

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  3. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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    We stopped on the way and had breakfast for two, including meat and coffee/soft drink for $3.50 us! :lol3

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  4. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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    During the day we went from 2,700 feet down to 200 feet and back up to 2,200 feet. High temp was 98 plus.

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  5. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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    Watermelon. :D

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  6. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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    We checked into a hotel by 2:30.

    Wikipedia:

    Chalchuapa is a town and a municipality located in the Santa Ana department of El Salvador. The city of Chalchuapa is in a wide valley at 650 meters above sea level, and watered by the Pampe River.

    It is settled 15 kilometers west from Santa Ana city, in the valley of, Cuscachapa. The 'El Trapiche' pool is in the countryside of the city, filled with fresh and transparent waters; and the Mayan structure of Casa Blanca, which exhibits the immortal rock over where General Justo Rufino Barrios from Guatemala was fatally wounded and murdered in the bloody battle of April 2, 1885.

    Chalchuapa, which in Nahuatl means 'Río de Jadeitas' or Jade's River, was the most remarkable emporium of the civilization of the Pok'omames, town of the Mayan-quiche or Mayan family. It also constitutes some of the most important archaeological areas of the country, with five ceremonial centers: Tazumal, Pampe, Trapiche, Casa Blanca, and Las Victorias; also, Cuzcachapa Lagoon. These Pre-Columbine vestiges are scattered in an area of 6 square km.

    The ruins of Tazumal include a main pyramidal structure of 23 meters height (the inferior structures are still buried) located in a block and forming two truncated pyramids to the west. It has eight pilasters with chiseled figures. Northernmost, there are other complex constructions and a memorial dance grounds with ladders. The 'Ball Game' field, almost totally destroyed, used to be located in the current cemetery area.
  7. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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    I went out waking.

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  8. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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  9. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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  10. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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    I picked up some fruit at the market and returned to the hotel a bit before dark.

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  11. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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    The moto has been sleeping here.

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  12. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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    There are a couple of sexy ladies here at the hotel. :evil

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  13. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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    We went here today.

    Wikipedia:

    Tazumal (/täsu&#720;&#712;m äl/) is a Pre-Columbian Maya archeological site in Chalchuapa, El Salvador. Tazumal is an architectural complex within the larger area of the ancient Mesoamerican city of Chalchuapa, in western El Salvador. The Tazumal group is located in the southern portion of the Chalchuapa archaeological zone.<sup id="cite_ref-SharerTraxler06p193_1-0" class="reference">[1]</sup> Archaeologist Stanley Boggs excavated and restored the Tazumal complex during the 1940s and 1950s.

    Archaeological investigations indicate that Tazumal was inhabited from the Classic period through to the Postclassic and that the site had links as far afield as central Mexico, the northern Yucatán Peninsula and lower Central America. Metal artefacts from the complex date to the 8th century AD and are among the earliest metal artefacts reported from Mesoamerica.

    The ruins are at an altitude of 720 metres (2,360 ft) above mean sea level.<sup id="cite_ref-Ito.26Shibata07p872_4-0" class="reference">[4]</sup> It is about 120 kilometres (75 mi) from the contemporary Maya city of Kaminaljuyu.<sup id="cite_ref-SharerTraxler06p193_1-2" class="reference">[1]</sup> Tazumal is 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) southwest of the small Late Classic site of Alumulunga.

    Chalchuapa was inhabited since the Preclassic period, when massive construction activity took place. Around the boundary between the end of the Late Preclassic and the start of the Early Classic, construction at Tazumal was interrupted by the eruption of the Ilopango volcano, some 75 kilometres (47 mi) to the east of the city. This eruption caused a hiatus in construction activity at Tazumal that may have lasted several generations. Activity resumed during the Early to Middle Classic (c. AD 250-650) although the city never fully recovered to its Preclassic levels of activity. The Tazumal complex came closest to matching the enormous structures of the Preclassic period.

    The principal structures of the Tazumal group date to the Classic period (c. AD 250-900) of Mesoamerican chronology. By the Late Classic (c. AD 600–900) Tazumal was an important ceremonial complex.<sup id="cite_ref-SharerTraxler06p193_1-3" class="reference">[1]</sup> Construction activity is evident from the Early Classic through to the Middle Classic (c. AD 400–600).<sup id="cite_ref-7" class="reference">[7]</sup> At this time Tazumal had important links with the Maya city of Kaminaljuyu in the Valley of Guatemala, which acted to extend the influence of the powerful central Mexican city of Teotihuacan into the Pacific coastal areas of Guatemala and El Salvador.<sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference">[8]</sup> During the Late Classic Tazumal had links with Copán in Honduras, as evidenced by architecture, sculpture and ceramics at Tazumal.<sup id="cite_ref-9" class="reference">[9]</sup> The ceramic sequence at Tazumal continues uninterrupted from the Classic period through to approximately AD 1200.<sup id="cite_ref-10" class="reference">[10]</sup> A number of Early Classic features indicate links with Chichen Itza, in the northern Yucatán Peninsula, or with Tula in central Mexico.

    The population of Tazumal coexisted with the Nahua-speaking Pipils from the Classic through to the Early Postclassic until at least AD 1200.<sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference">[12]</sup> The Pipil influence may have been due to trade with neighbouring Pipil populations rather than a direct Pipil presence, judging by the level of evidence.<sup id="cite_ref-Sharer74p173_13-0" class="reference">[13]</sup>


    After 1200, Tazumal was largely abandoned, with occupation shifting westwards towards the centre of what is now the modern town of Chalchuapa.<sup id="cite_ref-Sharer74p173_13-1" class="reference">[13]</sup> Chalchuapa was still occupied at the time of the Spanish conquest, at which time its inhabitants were Poqomam Maya.<sup id="cite_ref-SharerTraxler06p193_1-4" class="reference">[1]</sup> The Pokomam are believed to have been relatively late settlers in Chalchuapa, postdating the Pipil influence that lasted until 1200.<sup id="cite_ref-Sharer74p173_13-2" class="reference">[13]</sup>

    Between 1942 and 1944 Stanley Boggs excavated and restored structures B1-1 and B1-2.<sup id="cite_ref-14" class="reference">[14]</sup> This restoration included coating the structures with modern cement, which Boggs judged to be sufficiently similar to their original appearance as to justify its use.<sup id="cite_ref-Kato.26c06p221_15-0" class="reference">[15]</sup> Boggs' final report was not made generally available and no further archaeological investigations were carried out until the early 21st century.<sup id="cite_ref-Kato.26c06p212_16-0" class="reference">[16]</sup> In 1947 Tazumal was declared a National Historic Monument. Until 2001, the Salvadoran 100 colón note carried an illustration of the ruins of Tazumal. In 2004, the side of Structure B1-2 collapsed and the Salvadoran Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y el Arte (CONCULTURA - National Council for Culture and Art) initiated operations to excavate and stabilise the ruins.<sup id="cite_ref-Kato.26c06p211_3-1" class="reference">[3]</sup> During the first decade of the 21st century, two simultaneous archaeological projects were initiated, the investigation of Structure B1-2 by CONCULTURA and the Proyecto Arqueológico de El Salvador (PAES) by the Japanese University of Nagoya.[

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  14. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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  15. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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  16. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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  17. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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    The Ruins site was very small. The grounds around the site were almost more interesting. :evil

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  18. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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  19. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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  20. dwj - Donnie

    dwj - Donnie Long timer

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    It took less than two hours to tour the ruins, so we had the afternoon on our hands.

    Ana was out in the courtyard of the hotel and met these two kids and their grandmother. The grandmother is a friend of the hotel owner. The children are very poor. Ana give the young girl a blouse and a small purse from Guatemala with Guatemala embroidered on it. She was a very happy young girl! :deal

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