Thanks for the thorough explanation of Kaizen. I should have been more clear. TBH Kaizen both is and is not a Japanese concept. The English translation of Kaizen means "change for better". The idea of change for better has been a clear part of Japanese culture for centuries possibly as a reflection of the Buddhist philosophy of continual improvement. That is, in Japan something (i.e., a product, a process, a person, a skill, a person's knowledge) can never be perfect but can and should be constantly changed for the better (i.e., improved). This philosophy was adopted and formalized by the USA under various initiatives as you noted. These formalized processes, which were largely ignored by Western industry, were readily adopted by the Japanese in part because they built on a philosophy that was already a part of Japanese culture -- it was natural fit. And you are right, if Kawi does not introduce some proper ADV bikes they risk, at least in that market segment, becoming irrelevant.