Even with the younger crowd, retro is still in. I think it would be stupid for Harley to drop the V twin and go in a whole new direction. OK, the Livewire is a whole new direction but I'm talking IC engined bikes. BMW learned this lesson long ago when they came out with the inline 3 and 4 cylinder engines and thought they would phase out the opposed twin. Ducati has stuck with the 90 degree V twin. Moto Guzzi the sideways V twin. Besides the fact that V twin are part of Harley's heritage, V twin motors just have a lot of character and that is part of the riding experience. Price disadvantage? That will always be an issue. I don't see Harley ever competing in the low price beginner bike category unless they manufacture their bikes in China. Doing that would hurt their image and sales of their premium bikes where they make most of their money. I think Harley's biggest challenge will be to get their dealers to open up to new ideas. Some have that old "everything that's not a traditional Harley sucks" attitude. But some don't. Remember that the current "lifestyle" method of selling bikes has been very successful. I think much of what they have done in the past can work in the future if they just modify it some. When you buy a Japanese bike you are pretty much on your own once you ride out of the dealership. Not so with Harley. Harley offers HOG, great accessories, T shirts, and events at the dealership. They offer a more complete experience. For some people that's a big draw. Maybe they need to lose the Outlaw, black leather Pirate image but most of what Harley does can still work.